Gallium Selenide Nanoribbons on Silicon Substrates for Photodetection

ACS Appl. Nano Mater. 2021
Pauline Hauchecorne, Farzan Gity, Mickael Martin, Hanako Okuno, Shubhadeep Bhattacharjee, Jeremy Moeyaert, Denis Rouchon, Berangere Hyot, Paul K. Hurley, Thierry Baron

DOI : 10.1021/acsanm.1c01141



Layered semiconductor gallium selenide (GaSe) is considered a potential candidate for optoelectronic applications because of its direct band gap. Monocrystalline material is, however, a prerequisite to fully exploit these properties in devices, where one-dimensional nano-objects could be considered as a model system. As a consequence of their large surface-to-volume ratio, nano-objects such as nanoribbons are interesting for photodetection applications. Here, we report the vapor–liquid–solid growth of GaSe nanoribbons by MOCVD on 300 mm silicon substrates. A growth model is proposed on the basis of a comprehensive study of the impact of the growth parameters on the nanoribbon morphology. The nanoribbon microstructure is investigated by HR-STEM and Raman spectroscopy characterizations. HR-STEM and TEM cross-sectional observations coupled with EDX analyses reveal a monocrystalline nanoribbon core covered with a native gallium-oxide shell. Test devices are made by contacting individual nanoribbon. The current versus voltage (I–V) characteristic obtained over a range of temperature (−50 to 100 °C) in the dark and under white light illumination is fitted on the basis of a back-to-back Schottky diode model. A stable and repeatable dynamic photoresponse is measured from the GaSe nanoribbons, with an ION/IOFF ratio of 17 at room temperature.

Published on July 21, 2021